Types Of Hemming
Hemming is a type of finishing needed in clothing. It is a decorative edge that is sewn around the opening of a piece of cloth, such as a shirt or skirt. Hemming can be made from different materials, including cotton, linen, silk, and wool.
Hemming can be done using a variety of methods, including hand hemming, machine hemming, and zigzag hems. This article provides an overview of the different types of hemming and their uses, as well as some tips for choosing the right hemming method for your clothing project.
What Is A Hem?
Before we explore the many types of hemming, let’s discuss what a hem is. A hem is a finished edge of fabric or garment, typically used for reinforcement and to prevent fraying. It is created by folding up the cut edge of the fabric and securing it in place with stitching or a narrow strip of adhesive. Hems are commonly found on clothing items such as pants, skirts, shirts, and other garments. They can also be used to finish the edges of curtains, towels, and other fabrics. Depending on the application and desired look, hems can be topstitched with a decorative stitch, completely concealed or left visible. A proper hem is essential for any garment or household item that needs to last for many years.
Types Of Hemming
Now that you know what a hem is, let’s look at the different types of hemming.
Single Fold Hemming: This type of hemming is the most basic form of hemming and involves simply folding the fabric over once and stitching it down. This creates a clean, finished edge that is used in many garments as well as upholstery projects.
Double Fold Hem: This type of hem is created by folding the fabric twice, creating a double layer. This method is often used on lightweight fabrics and can be done either with hand stitching or a sewing machine. It’s also great for adding extra structure and durability to garments, making it perfect for seamstress beginners. For example, this method is commonly used for skirts, dresses, etc.
Rolled Hem: A rolled hem is commonly used in lightweight materials such as chiffon and organza. The fabric is folded twice and stitched with an edging stitch around the entire edge so it creates a nice, finished look with minimal bulk.
Blind Hem: Blind hems are sewn by hand or machine to produce an almost invisible hem. This type of hem is typically used on dress pants or skirts, as it can help create a cleaner, more professional look.
Pin Hem: Pin hems are similar to rolled hems in that they are designed for lightweight fabrics, but the difference is that pins are added along the edge first and then stitched over for a tighter finish.
Bias Tape Hem: Bias tape hems involve using bias tape – fabric strips cut on a diagonal – which is sewn onto the raw edge of the garment. It’s usually used for garments with round or curved edges such as necklines, armholes, and sleeves.
Bound Hem: Bound hems involve using a single strip of fabric to bind the raw edges of a garment. It’s often used for items like jackets or coats, and provides a finished look without any bulk.
Zigzag or Overlocked Hem: Zigzag or overlock hems are made by stitching with an overlocking stitch which creates a neat, secure finish on lightweight fabrics such as knits.
Piped Hem: Piped hems involve binding the raw edge of the fabric with binding tape or bias tape that has been folded in half and stitched along the edge. This type of hem is usually used in home decor projects such as blankets and pillows.
Faced Hem: Faced hems involve adding facing strips to the edge of the fabric to give it a neat and finished look. This type of hem is usually used on garments with curved edges such as necklines, armholes, and collars.
There are many types of hems available for all kinds of fabric and garment needs – each one having its own unique features that can help you create the perfect finish for your project. With a little bit of practice and some creative thinking, you’ll soon be able to master any type of hemming technique you come across!
Types Of Hemming Stitches By Hand:
Hemming by hand is a time-honored tradition that requires skill and attention to detail. There are several different types of hemming stitches that can be used depending on the desired outcome.
The Blind Stitch: This stitch is the most basic and well-known type of hemming stitch. It is performed by folding the hem twice so that only a very small portion of the fabric edge peeks out. This stitch is then used to invisibly sew along the folded edge, creating a neat and inconspicuous seam.
The Catch Stitch or Herringbone Stitch: This stitch uses two threads to create a crisscross pattern while stitching along the folded edge of your fabric. This creates a more decorative look than other types of stitches, as it resembles an ornate herringbone pattern.
The Fell Stitch: The Fell Stitch is traditionally used on heavier fabrics such as denim or twill. It requires multiple rows of stitching in order to create a dense, durable hem.
The Hand-Rolled Hem: This stitch uses very small folds of fabric that are then rolled up and secured with tiny stitches. It is one of the most labor intensive types of hems, but it can create a very delicate and precise finished look.
The Slip Stitch: The slip stitch involves folding the hem twice and using an invisible thread to sew along the folded edge. This creates a neat seam that is barely noticeable when viewed from the right side of the fabric.
These five types of hems – Blind Stitch, Catch Stitch or Herringbone Stitch, Fell Stitch, Hand-Rolled Hem and Slip Stitch – are all useful for different types of projects. By mastering these techniques, you can create beautiful and professional-looking hems for any type of fabric.
No matter which type of hemming stitch you choose, the result will be a clean and well-sewn hem that will last through many wearings. With the right tools and supplies, hand-hemming is an achievable skill that anyone can learn with practice over time.
Types Of Hemming By Sewing Machine:
Hemming is an important technique used to create a neat, professional look for your garments. Hemming can be done by hand or with a sewing machine. Types of hemming that can be accomplished with a sewing machine include folded edge hem, baby hem, blind hem, rolled hem, banded hem, faced hem, fringed hem, turned hem and lettuce edged hems.
Folded Edge Hem: This is the most common type of hem seen in ready-to-wear garments. To create a folded edge hem with a sewing machine you will need to fold the fabric up once and stitch close to the raw edge.
Baby Hem: A baby hem is a small narrow finished rolled edge on lightweight fabrics such as silk and linen. To sew a baby hem you will fold the edge of the fabric twice, press it flat and stitch close to the folded edge.
Blind Hem: This type of hem is invisible from the outside of the garment and creates a sharp, professional look. To create a blind hem you will use a special foot on your sewing machine that holds part of the fabric up out of the way as you stitch.
Rolled Hem: A rolled hem is used for delicate fabrics such as chiffon and organza. To create this type of hem you will fold one raw edge once, then twice more before stitching close to the folded edge.
Banded Hem: A banded hem uses two parallel rows of stitches to join two pieces of fabric together and enclose the raw edges. To sew a banded hem you will need to stitch one row close to the raw edge, then fold up the exposed edge before stitching a second row of stitches.
Faced Hem: This type of hem is used when you want the inside seam to be visible on the outside of the garment. To sew a faced hem you will need to press up a facing strip, stitch it in place along with an overlock stitch and then trim away any excess fabric.
Fringed Hem: A fringed hem can give your garment a boho-chic look. To create this type of hem you will need to attach fringe tape or trim along the raw edge of your fabric before sewing it down with a zig-zag stitch.
Turned Hem: A turned hem is a great way to finish off the raw edge of a garment, such as a skirt or dress. To sew this type of hem you will need to fold the raw edge up twice and then press it flat before stitching close to the folded edge.
Lettuce Edged Hem: This type of hem gives your garment an elegant, finished look and is often used for eveningwear or formal wear garments. To create a lettuce edged hem you will need to zig-zag stitch around one side of the fabric, then cut the excess away with pinking shears. Finally, press up the hem and stitch it in place.
Hemming is a simple way to give your garments a professional, finished look. With the right tools and techniques you can easily create any of these types of hems with a sewing machine. So grab some fabric, thread up your machine and get started!
How Is A Hem Finished?
Now that you know the different types of hemming that can be accomplished with a sewing machine, it’s time to finish up your project! Hemming is an important technique used to create a neat, professional look for your garments. The hem is the most important part of a garment. It creates balance and keeps the fabric from unraveling at the edges. There are several ways to finish a hem, depending on the type of fabric and look you are trying to achieve. The two most common methods are machine stitching and hand sewing.
Machine stitching is often done with an overlock or zigzag stitch, which prevents fraying while giving a neat, professional finish. Overlock machines can be used for both woven and knit fabrics; however, an overlock stitch should not be used on lightweight fabrics as it will leave visible holes in them. If working with lightweight fabrics, it’s best to use a straight stitch or narrow zigzag stitch instead.
Hand sewing is generally favored for a cleaner, more delicate finish. Blind hem stitching is most commonly used; this technique involves folding the fabric over, creating an even and invisible hem on the inside of the garment. This method takes some skill and practice but is well worth it for a professional look.
No matter which method you choose, it’s important to make sure all your hems are finished properly before wearing or selling your garments. Taking extra time to ensure quality will give you more satisfying results in the end!
How Is A Straight Hem Sewn?
Not only know the types of hemming, but also the correct way of sewing a straight hem. The two most common types of hems are folded hems and sewn hems. Folded hems consist of folding over the raw edge of fabric and stitching in place. Sewn hems involve stitching along the raw edge or just above it to create an enclosed edge.
Sewing a straight hem can be an easy task with the right tools and techniques. To start, you’ll need a ruler, chalk or marker, pins, fabric shears, iron and ironing board, and thread.
Step 1: Measure and mark the hemline. Place your fabric on a flat surface and use your ruler to measure the desired length of the hem. Use chalk or a marker to draw the line where you want the hem to go, at least 1/2 inch above your measured line.
Step 2: Pin along the marked line. Pinning along the line will help keep your fabric in place while sewing.
Step 3: Iron the hemline and press the pins. Begin by pressing a light amount of steam along the marked line to set the desired shape. Then, use your iron to press down on each pin, creating a crease where you want your hemline to go.
Step 4: Sew along the creased line. Thread your needle with strong thread and begin at one end of your fabric, making sure that your stitch is 1/4 inch from the edge or less. Sew consistently along the crease until you reach the other end of your fabric.
Step 5: Press with an iron again after sewing is complete. Again using a light amount of steam, press along the hemline with your iron. This will set your newly sewn seam and make sure that everything looks neat and tidy.
Now you have a straight hemline to use for any fabric project! With patience and practice, you can master this technique in no time. Happy sewing!
Tips For Sewing Hems
Creating a hem by hand or machine is an important part of many sewing projects. Hems are used to conceal the raw edges and create a neat, finished look on garments and other items. When done properly, they can help create a polished look that will last for years. Here are some tips on how to sew hems like a pro.
Types of Hemming: There are several types of hems, including single-fold, double-fold, blind hem, and topstitched. Single-fold is the most common type and involves folding the fabric over once and stitching it down. Double-fold hems involve folding the fabric over twice for a more finished look. Blind hems are used to create an almost invisible hem, and topstitched hems are decorative and can be used to add texture and interest.
Pressing: Before you begin hemming, it is important to press the fabric with an iron first. This will help make sure that the edges of your fabric are nice and crisp before sewing.
Marking: If you want to make sure that your hem is even, you can use a ruler to mark the measurements for the hem on the fabric before sewing. This will help guide you as you sew and ensure that your final product looks professional.
Stitching Types: Different types of hems require different types of stitching. Single- and double-fold hems are usually sewn with a straight stitch, while blind hem stitching is done with a zigzag stitch. Topstitched hems can be finished with a decorative or contrasting thread to add visual interest.
Finishing Touches: After you have finished your hem, it can help to secure the bottom edge by using pins or hand stitches. This will ensure that your hem stays in place and won’t unravel after wear.
By following these tips for sewing hems, you’ll be able to create professional looking projects that will last for years. With some practice and the right tools, anyone can become an expert at creating beautiful hems. Good luck!
Now that you know the types of hemming and how to sew hems, it’s time to put your knowledge into practice. Get out your sewing machine and give hemming a try! With some patience and practice, you’ll be able to create beautiful hems for all of your projects. Good luck!
What Are The Differences Between A Clothes Seam And A Hem?
Hem and seam are two key elements that make up the construction of a garment. While both involve stitching fabric together, they are used for different purposes.
A hem is the edge of fabric that is folded over and sewn to create a cleaner finish. Types of hemmings include blind hems, topstitched hems, rolled hems, and faced hems. Hems are usually done by hand with thread or machine-sewn. They can be finished in different ways depending on the desired look and feel of the garment.
A seam is where two pieces of fabric come together to form an integrated connection at one end or side. Types of seams include French seam, flat felled seam, running stitch, lapped seam, and bias bound seam. Seams are generally sewn with a machine to ensure the pieces are secure and the stitching lines are even.
In conclusion, hems create a finished edge for garments while seams join two pieces of fabric together for assembly. Both help to enhance the look and feel of clothes, making them more appealing to wear. To understand what type of hem or seam is best suited for your garment project, it’s important to consider the fabric weight, amount of stretch needed, style desired and other details that will affect the overall look.
By understanding how hems and seams work together in clothing construction you can ensure that your garments have a high-quality finish that looks great and lasts for years to come.
Hem By Hand Vs Machine Hemming
Hemming is a sewing technique used to finish off the raw edges of fabric. Generally, hemming involves folding up the edge of a garment, pressing it in place and then stitching along the folded edge. There are two main types of hemming: hand hemming and machine hemming.
When it comes to hand hemming, this process requires much skill and patience as it is entirely done by hand using just needles and thread. As such, this method usually takes longer than machine hemming but can be extremely precise and neat due to an experienced sewist’s ability to control tension exactly as needed for different fabrics. Hand hemmed garments also tend to have more durability since each stitch is very close together.
On the other hand, machine hemming is a quicker process. Although it may not be as precise as hand hemming due to the fact that machines move more quickly than hands and have predetermined settings, it can still produce strong hemlines because of specialised stitches. Machine hemmed garments usually take less time to create than those done by hand but may require some extra pressing for a crisp finish.
In conclusion, both types of hemming have their own advantages and drawbacks depending on the type of garment you are creating. For projects with delicate fabrics or intricate details, it might be best to opt for hand hemming since this method allows for greater control and precision. However, if you’re looking for faster results then machine hemming might be the way to go. Whichever method you choose, make sure that you have the right tools and skills in order to get the best results.
At the end of the day, it all boils down to personal preference and what works best for you. Whichever type of hemming you chose, just remember that the result needs to be durable and look professional in order to make a lasting impression. No matter which method you choose, have fun creating beautiful hemlines!
Conclusion On Types Of Hemming
Overall, hemming is an essential part of garment creation. It is important to understand the basics of different types of hems and how to properly stitch these hems onto your garments. There are many types of hemmings available, but understanding the most common styles and the differences between them can help you make better purchasing choices when it comes to fabrics or patterns. Not all fashion needs to have expert-level stitching, but it never hurts to take the time and put some extra effort into your projects for a professional finished look!
So remember: double-hem for durable wear, single-hems for lightweight garments, blind hems for an elegant finish, and rolled hems for a fashion statement. Take these tips with you next time you’re out shopping or crafting clothes — and start hemming your way to success!
How to Hem: 12 Steps (with Pictures) – wikiHow